Pronounced: Hen-awk-shern-line purr-purr-ahEn Español (Spanish Version)
Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) is an inflammation of the blood vessels in the skin and other body organs. Skin involvement often results in a rash, typically occurring on the buttocks and legs. The rash often resembles bruising or bleeding into the skin, a condition referred to as “purpura.”
People of all ages may develop HSP, but it is most common in children.
The exact cause of HSP is unknown. It is believed to be a disorder of the immune system. It may be triggered by bacterial or viral infections, certain medications, vaccines, or perhaps even insect bites. HSP frequently occurs in the spring, often after a respiratory infection. It is not contagious.
A risk factor is something that increases your chance of getting a disease or condition. Risk factors for HSP include:
Symptoms may last for 4 to 6 weeks. These may include:
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical exam. Tests may include:
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HSP usually gets better on its own. However, under some circumstances your doctor may prescribe specific medications to reduce symptoms and prevent complications. These may include:
Last reviewed November 2008 by Ross Zeltser, MD, FAAD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.